LSD was invented in 1943 by Albert Hoffman, who was then working for Sandoz (254) - another Farben company. (255)
Albert Hofmann 1953 in seinem Forschungslabor bei Sandoz in Basel. Hier entdeckte er LSD. Bild: www.hoffmann.org
While infamous drug and shock experiments conducted in Canada- many under the authority of the U.S. "MK ULTRA" program-have generally been attributed to psychiatrist Ewen Cameron (pictured), he did not act alone. At least one close colleague, Heinz Lehmann, was involved in lethal tests but never held responsible.
HOSPITALS OF HORROR: During the 1950s and 1960s, psychiatrists Ewen Cameron, Heinz Lehmann and others experimented on unsuspecting patients. Both were funded by the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare and the U.S. Department of Defense. Cameron brutalized and maimed with drugs, electric shock and lobotomy at Allan Memorial Institute (above).
Thankfully, folks like Tim Leary (257) and Ken Kesey (258) got a hold of LSD - one of the few truly useful synthetic drugs - and, instead of it becoming another weapon of war, it instead became a really fun way to spend eight hours on a sunny afternoon.
Ciba is one of three Swiss chemical companies (the other two being Geigy and Sandoz) which was known as "Basel AG" and joined with Farben in 1929. (259)
Ciba synthesized Thalidomide in 1953. (260)
Thalidomide was marketed as a sedative and anti-nausea drug for pregnant women - something cannabis had been used for. By 1961, Thalidomide was known to cause horrible birth defects. The disaster gave rise to the 'Kefauver Amendments' to the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, giving the FDA the power to set up expensive safety and efficacy tests for both synthetic and botanical drugs. These tests kill millions of rats but tell us nothing about the effects on humans when used properly. Ironically, Thalidomide does not cause birth defects in rats. (261)
Ciba-Geigy Corp., U.S.A also made Ritalin, and was it's primary supplier and manufacturer from 1955 through 1995. (262)
Sold mainly to treat "hyperactivity" (something a good strong indica is also used for), Ritalin is currently made by Novartis Pharmaceuticals. (263)
Novartis is made up of the drug units of Ciba, Geigy and Sandoz - the exact same combination that joined I.G. Farben. (264)
Ritalin's "minor" side effects are: "Abdominal pain; dizziness; drowsiness; headache; insomnia; loss of appetite; nausea; nervousness; weakness." The "major" side effects are "Bruising; chest pain; fever; hair loss; heart irregularities; high or low blood pressure; hives; joint pain; mood changes; palpitations; psychosis; rash; seizures; sore throat; uncoordinated movements. In children: abdominal pain; impairment of growth; weight loss." (265)
Lawyers have filed class action lawsuits against Novartis and against the American Psychiatric Association. The suit charges the drug manufacturer and the APA with conspiring to create a market for Ritalin by targeting millions of children, diagnosing them inappropriately with attention deficit disorder in order to expand the market for the drug. Three federal lawsuits have been filed so far. (266)
Dr. Dole worked at Rockefeller University. (268)
Methadone is more difficult to withdraw from than heroin (269) and costs more than botanically-derived heroin would in a legal market.
Valium was introduced in 1963 by Roche (270) - as in "Hoffman-LaRoche," the company that I.G. Farben Company bought up right before WW2. (271)
Valium's "minor" side effects, are "Confusion; constipation; depression; diarrhea; dizziness; drowsiness; dry mouth; fatigue; headache; heartburn; increased salivation; loss of appetite; nausea; sweating; vomiting; weakness." Valium's "major" side effects are "Blurred vision; breathing difficulties; dark urine; difficulty in urinating; double vision; excitement; fever; hallucinations; low blood pressure; menstrual irregularities; palpitations; rash; slurred speech; sore throat; stimulation; tremors; uncoordinated movements; yellowing of the eyes or skin." (272)
Aspartame - an artificial sweetener - was invented in 1965 by G.D. Searle Company. G.D. Searle was bought by Monsanto in 1985. Aspartame has been called the most dangerous food additive on the market. (273)
Monsanto is helping to cover up their Aspartame crimes with the help of their old lawyer Clarence Thomas. (274)
Pfizer - a Rockefeller-linked drug company (275) - makes Viagra. Viagra was launched in mid April 1998 in the US, and was an instant hit to treat impotence and different degrees of erectile dysfunction.. (276)
Today, one is bombarded by commercials with average every-day people bounding about with joy because they got a synthetic hard-on the night before. Viagra is sold supposedly for "disfunction," but the commercials seem to indicate it's true use is "performance enhancement" - everyone in the neighbourhood is dancing about without exception.
"Viagra dependency" seems to be the most likely negative side effect, although some people report being freaked out by the "blue tinge" to their vision. (277)
(254) "Encyclopedia of Recreational Drugs," 1978, p. 184
(255) "Hoover's Handbook of World Business " 1993, p. 138, 144, 188, 256, and 270 - See also www.endgame.org/dtc/i.html
(256) "The Search for the Manchurian Candidate" P. 132-133 - See also: www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/2807/emspecial.html
(259) www.bayer.com/en/bayer/history/ug_ - www.chemchannels.com/chemchannel/homepage/General - Type in "Corporate Information - Ciba Specialty Chemicals Holdings Inc. 1925.php - www.chemchannels.com/chemchannel/homepage/General/firstfifty/ciba.asp
(261) "The Right Lesson To Learn From Thalidomide," Steven B. Harris, M.D. 1992 - w3.aces.uiuc.edu:8001/Liberty/Tales/Thalidomide.Html
(264) www.novartis.com/about_novartis/en/3companies.shtml - Ciba, 1918 - See also - www.chemchannels.com/chemchannel/homepage/General - Type in "Corporate Information - Ciba Specialty Chemicals Holdings Inc. 1925.php - www.chemchannels.com/chemchannel/homepage/General/firstfifty/ciba.asp
(265) "Consumer Guide to Prescription Drugs" 1991, Home Health Handbook, p. 193
(267) "Bayer Buys Berkeley," Z Magazine, p. 20
(268) "Hep Cats, Narcs, and Pipe Dreams," Jill Jonnes, 1996, Scribner, 287-295
(269) "High Society," Neil Boyd, 1991, Key Porter Books, p. 38
(270) "Drug Use and Misuse," p. 232 - www.roche.com/home/company/com_hist_intro/com_hist-1953.htm
(272) "Consumer Guide to Prescription Drugs" p. 223
(273) www.nexusmagazine.com/Aspartame.html - www.sweetpoison.com/aspartame-information.html - www.news4jax.com/jax/news/specialassignment/stories/specialassignment-7420010201-130214.html - www.mercola.com/article/aspartame/fraud.htm
(275) www.pfizer.com/history/1951-1999.htm - www.mega.nu:8080/ampp/roster.html - "The Rockefellers" p. 134 - www.namebase.org/sources/GZ.html - www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb01/GZ - "Rule by Secrecy" pp. 32-34, "Death in the Air," pp. 5, 459